REVIEW: 13:1-2 Four examples where this seems to have been violated:
- Exodus 1:22-2:1-3
- Daniel 3:14-18
- Daniel 6:11-13
- Matthew 2:13-15a&16
So what are we to make of this? What Jesus had to say: Mark 12:17 and Luke 12:12-21
Romans 13:3-4 Example Proverbs 28:1
Romans 13:5 Do not set yourself up as sole arbiter of what is just and what is not, but use God’s word and His appointed leaders – even there be cautious. When Paul wrote this, the first generation after the death of Jesus, Christians were seen as a variety of Jews. However, Christianity started out with a handicap before Roman law.
Christianity started out with a most serious handicap in the eyes of Roman law, its founder had been convicted and executed on the charge of sedition by the sentence of a Roman judge. The charge was summed up in the inscription attached to His cross: ‘The King of the Jews.’ Whatever the nature of the kingship Jesus claimed, the one record of Him know to Roman law was that he had led a movement which challenged the sovereign rights of Caesar.
Quote by F.F. Bruce
Romans 13:6-7 Christians are to obey the law. Why?
Christians will voice their ‘No’ to Caesar’s unauthorized demands the more effectively if they have shown themselves ready to say ‘Yes’ to his authorized demands.
Quote by F.F. Bruce
13:8 Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for whoever loves others has fulfilled the law. This verse has nothing to do with finance. Instead it addresses the one debt we must pay the rest of our natural lives after accepting Christ as our Lord and Savior. The debt is to love one another. Decades later John would remind us of what Jesus said in John 13:34.
13:9 The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.”
Paul is driving home the point he has just made about our continual need to love one another by quoted a number of the ten commandments that apply to our neighbors, no matter who he or she is.
13:10 Love does no harm to a neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. Paul indirectly made the same point in Galatians 5:6 which very closely lines up with the last verse of this chapter.
13:11 And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. Please turn back to 12:1-2 … Are you ready to live a sacrificial life. Are you ready to be transformed from the patterns of this world? Are you awake? If so make the decision to live the life you have chosen as a Christian.
13:12 The night is nearly over; the day is almost here. So let us put aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light.
Paul lists some of the deeds of darkness in the next verse. Then the armor of light in the last verse.
13:13 The deeds of darkness to be avoided.
13:14 Instead, clothe yourselves with the Lord Yeshua the Messiah; and don’t waste your time thinking about how to provide for the sinful desires of your old nature. CJB
Put on the cloak of Christ, call yourself a Christian. LIVE as a Christian!!
Are we willing to say “Jesus I am yours!” Are we? Romans 12:1-2a
Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God—this is your true and proper worship. 2 Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind.
If so we will not be as those in Ezekiel 33:30-32 “As for you, son of man, your people are talking together about you by the walls and at the doors of the houses, saying to each other, ‘Come and hear the message that has come from the Lord.’ My people come to you, as they usually do, and sit before you to hear your words, but they do not put them into practice. Their mouths speak of love, but their hearts are greedy for unjust gain. Indeed, to them you are nothing more than one who sings love songs with a beautiful voice and plays an instrument well, for they hear your words but do not put them into practice.
Instead do as we are told in James 1:22 Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says.
Instead we can be as we are told to be in Philippians 4:9 Whatever you have learned or received or heard from me, or seen in me, put it into practice. And the God of peace will be with you.