REVIEW: 7:24-25[/tooltip/ We need to be rescued from our sins which are leading us directly to death. Who will rescue us?
Chapter 9 God is sovereign and no one deserves to go to heaven. It is only through His sovereign mercy we are afforded the opportunity to accept the free gift of Grace for salvation.
Chapter 10:9-10 If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.
Replacement Theology teaches that the church has replaced Israel in God’s plan.
Remnant – 1. a small remaining quantity of something
Why these two definitions? Because if you ever run into someone who starts talking about replacement theology you will know how to refute and correct them – refer them to Romans chapter 11.
11:1-6 The definition of a remnant is one Paul will use to describe Israel from the time of Elijah to his time and which continues to our time today. To confirm this Paul speaks of what we have already read in Romans 9:27 and quoting from what Isaiah said in 10:22a about a remnant remaining and returning. Notice in verse 2 Paul refers to Elijah and in verse 4 Paul refers to God’s reply to Elijah about a remnant of seven thousand who have not bowed the knee to Baal. So Paul says God had an remnant then 1 Kings 19:18 and has a remnant now in his own time. Paul is clearly implying God will always have a remnant from Israel which would include our time today. I want to give you two examples of how the remnant continues to this day and continues now with Messianic Jews who number between 175,000 and 250,000 members in the United States, between 10,000 and 20,000 members for Israel, and an estimated total worldwide membership of 350,000 according to wikipedia. First a five minute video of and about Luda Ford and how she came to know Jesus. Next a video about Mike Cohen and how he came to know Jesus. Bottom line we, as Christians, are not the remnant.
11:7-10 Stupor / hardened – why? With His foreknowledge, God provides those whose hearts are already hard He gives over to their choice of a hard heart and lets it continue to harden. Paul quotes David in verse 10 from Psalm 69. What did Paul mean the table was a snare and a trap? All was given and provided to and for Israel and instead of remaining grateful and humble they became filled with pride and arrogance as God’s chosen people and fell into great sin.
11:11-12 Once again Paul notes with a question and answer the Jews or Israel has not fallen beyond recovery or redemption … once again refuting replacement theology. Paul speaks of Israel’s transgression in verses 11 and 12. What was that transgression? Looking at Acts 13:46-47 taking place in Pisidian Antioch we discover they had not fulfilled the role God has set out for them as noted in Isaiah 49:6b about being a light unto the world. Do you wonder what great riches await us when Israel returns to God and Jesus. I believe this is about His second coming. Even today we are blessed by Israel as 20% of all Noble Laureates are awarded to Jews who only make up 0.2% of the world’s population.
11:13-14 Paul wanted to make the Jews jealous … he did not succeed.
11:15 Rejection is that they rejected Jesus as their Messiah, but not all as noted earlier even today.aul quotes
11:16 We are an offshoot and if we are holy (holy ones = saints) what does that make them???
11:17-18 We are grafted in so we might receive God’s nourishment – He is the root.
11:19-21 Why were so many branches broken off of Israel? Due to unbelief. What are we to do being graphed in? Paul is not saying we can lose our salvation, but we should approach it with fear and trembling as in Philippians 2:12. So how do we do that? Turn to Romans 12:1-2 then to Matthew 5:13-16.
Same Question as last three weeks As sons and daughters of God why are we pretending or why are we not serious about putting the words of God into practice? Ezekiel 33:30-32