Romans 5:12-21

Romans 5:12-21

Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.Righteousness: the state of him who is as he ought to be, acceptable to God

Justification: the act of God declaring men free from guilt and acceptable to him

4:25 Jesus was raised to life for our justification
Benefits of being justified by God because of our faith in Jesus: Eight that are immediate that we experience right away:

5:1 peace with God

5:2 access to God; standing before God; we can rejoice in the hope of the glory of God

5:3-4 We who have been justified rejoice not in spite of our tribulations, but in or because of our tribulations

5:5 Because we have been justified we have hope and we have the gift of the Holy Spirit

5:5-8 we experience the love of God. Christ died for the ungodly. While we were still sinners (living a life of sin) Christ died for us.

FUTURE BENEFITS 5:9 we are saved from God’s wrath

5:10 we are saved by Christ’s life! Christ sits at the right hand of the Father interceding on our behalf

5:11 we have continual rejoicing (joy) because of our reconciliation with God. The benefits began with peace and ends with joy. … verses 1 and 11.

The next 10 verses are an incredible comparison and contrast between Adam and Jesus. How we are all guilty because of Adam’s sin is imputed to us and how Jesus brought us the gift of righteousness for those who trust in Him for salvation.

5:12 God gave a command to one man and it was given before Eve was with him. Genesis 2:16-18. Thus it was one man’s sin – Adam that brought rebellion into the world and that which accompanies sin: death. Sin and death cannot be separated. Adam, created to live for eternity, died as a result of his sin Genesis 5:5 Adam lived a total of 930 years, and then he died. One sin, by one man, made the entire world guilty of sin. Adam was the first man and the first sinner.

5:13-14 Many, who go about sinning, complain how unfair it is to be charged with Adam’s sin, but are silent when it comes to God’s love offers righteousness through Christ. They remain in rebellion against God. The choice becomes clear, the family of man via Adam – the one we are born into or the family of God via Jesus the one we may be reborn into.

5:15-17 how much more (verses 15 and 17) is used to express one thing is much greater than another. It is through “God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness” that Christ created a new family, a new creation — born again men and women who are trusting in Christ to save rather than the law.

5:16 & 18 Condemnation came after one sin by one man, the original sin. Christ’s grace covers not only that, but all sins. One act of disobedience condemned us. One act of obedience – Christ on the cross granted us Grace.

5:19 Look at the contrast in this verse between disobedience and obedience. One act of rebellion by the first Adam condemned us all. However, one act of obedience by the last Adam, there is Grace for those of us who will accept it. The difference between obedience and disobedience is the difference between life and death, between righteousness and unrighteousness.

5:20-21 Sin results in death. Death was the final result of Adam’s family, but now (!) life eternal is the result for those who have believed in Jesus Christ and have joined His family.
The sins of Adam’s life did not condemn us, but his one sin, his original sin. So it is with Jesus, His one act of going to the cross and dying paid the price for all of our sins – His one and only one crucifixion!
To grasp the importance of this turn to Paul’s confession in 1 Timothy 1:13-16

13 Even though I was once a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent man, I was shown mercy because I acted in ignorance and unbelief. 14 The grace of our Lord was poured out on me abundantly, along with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus.
15 Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the worst.

Although born into Adam’s family we are reborn into Jesus’ family and He says in John 10:27-28

27 My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will snatch them out of my hand.

Nothing could be more important!