Outline of Biblical Usage – Righteousness: the state of him who is as he ought to be, acceptable to God
Outline of Bible Usage – Justification: the act of God declaring men free from guilt and acceptable to him
Vines Expository Dictionary of NT Words – Justification:
denotes “the act of pronouncing righteous, acquittal;” its precise meaning is determined by the verb dikaioo, “to justify” it is used to signify the determination of a person as just by acquittal from guilt. In Romans 4:25 the phrase “for our justification,” is, literally., “because of our justification” (parallel to the preceding clause “for our sins,” and means, all that was necessary on God’s part for our “justification” had been accomplished by the death of Christ. On this account He was raised from the dead.
5:1 Because we are justified by God through our faith we immediately receive a number of benefits.
#1 Our justification means we have peace with God … not a feeling of peace, but a state of peace. We need that state of peace for our sin puts us at war with God in rebellion against God. However in 1 Timothy 2:5-6
#2 5:2 Our justification means we have access to God. We, having been justified, may approach God. For unbelievers is even more inaccessible than the president. As believers we have access to God because we have been justified.
#3 Our justification all means we have standing before God. How can we as sinners stand before God? Because of Jesus Christ we stand before God dressed in the righteousness of Christ. This is the only way we are able to stand before God.
#4 Our justification means we can rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. This means there are big changes coming in our lives and those changes begin with our justification. No matter what we were like when we were justified we have the hope one day we will be like Christ. Our goal should to become more like Him.
#5 5:3-4 Our justification means we can exult or rejoice in our tribulations or sufferings. Woodrow Kroll says, “We who have been justified rejoice not in spite of our tribulations, but in or because of our tribulations.”
How can this be? Because we know this is temporary and no matter how long it seems we have eternity to look forward to with Jesus. Our tribulations result in even greater hope as our suffering produces perseverance; perseverance character and character hope.
#6 5:5 Our justification means we have an encouraging hope that does not disappoint. This hope, this biblical hope is not something we do (I hope … ); it is something we have. Because we have been justified we have hope.
Zechariah 9:12 says Return to your fortress, you prisoners of hope… We are prisoners of hope and gladly so for we possess a hope that will never disappoint us.
#7 Our justification means we have the gift of the Holy Spirit. It is the Holy Spirit who pours into our hearts a sense or knowledge of God’s love for us.
#8 5:5-8 Our justification means we experience the love of God. When God justified us, He did this out of love, an everlasting love. Christ died for the ungodly. While we were still sinners (living a life of sin) Christ died for us.
5:9 Now a switch to the future benefits of our justification.
#9 Our justification means we are saved from God’s wrath. We don’t know what wrath in particular, but two examples of His wrath are sufficient to make us grateful we will be saved from His wrath. Lamentations 4:4 and 2 Chronicles 7:13-14.
#10 5:10 Our justification means we are saved by Christ’s life! Wait, you might ask are we saved by Christ’s death or by His life? The answer is YES! We are saved by His death on earth and by His heavenly life. We know today Christ sits at the right hand of the Father interceding on our behalf. i
#11 5:11 Our justification means we have continual rejoicing because of our reconciliation with God. I don’t know what your life was like before you were justified, by may have had happiness, but you had no real joy. The reason we can continue to rejoice is that our lives continue to be reconciled to God.
Notice our benefits began with peace and ends with joy. … verses 1 and 11.