REVIEW Chapter 3
v1-3-5-7 all questions Paul came up with that he believed he would need to answer from those in Rome, especially Jews
v2-4-6-8 all answers to the questions; 3:4 and 3:6 he says Certainly not! or May it never be! showing great disgust at these particular questions he expects to receive.
v9 States all of us, past, present, future are all under sin, that we are all innately sinful.
v10-18 In nine verses Paul shows fourteen sins (categories) we are guilty of when it comes to God with v15-17 pointing to sins of violence. The last, v18, is the worst where There is no fear of God before their eyes taken from Psalm 36:1b and the next three verses Psalm 36:2-4 show the evil this can result in. It is no mistake Paul quotes from this Psalm.
v19-20 Because of the law, given or natural, all are silenced before God for no one declare righteous = no one justified by the law. Before God we would all be made painfully aware of our sin and our arrogance
v21-26 But now!!! God must enter our world or we can never enter God’s world! Righteousness from God, better Righteousness of God. The only conditional element of the gospel is faith in Jesus Christ. All human distinctions end before God. John 1:14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen His glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. Jesus is the Glory of God and we all fall short of the sinlessness of Jesus. The righteous man is justified freely – as a gift of mercy from God. Jesus is our mercy seat, Jesus is where God meets us as humans. When God forgives He forgives – Jeremiah 31:34b “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” God is the justifier of any man or woman – past, present, future – who places his or her faith in the blood of Jesus Christ. Refer back to 1:17 righteousness from God is revealed
v27-31 Summary of sorts. No works for salvation, no boasting. No difference between salvation of the Jew and the Gentile. Faith fulfills the law for the law told of the coming of Jesus Christ. Jesus is the fulfillment of the law!
The Question of Abraham
Reckoned, credited, count from Greek logizomat occurs 10 or 11 times in this chapter and is a commercial term related to credits and debits well known to Pharisees and Sadducees .
4:1-3 Genesis 15:6 Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness.
4:4 Works result in an obligation of wages
4:5 Trust, trust in God results in justification by faith because God imputes righteousness to the ungodly as a free gift … the Free Gift of Grace through Christ’s substitutionary death on the cross.
4:6-8 Quoting David from Psalm 32:1-2a. Go to 2 Corinthians 5:18-20 to see our obligations as a result.
4:9 Circumcised or uncircumcised? Let’s let Abraham answer the question.
4:10-12 Again back to Genesis 15:6 Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness. So was Abraham circumcised then? Scripture provides the answer as Genesis 16:15 tells us Abram was 86 years old when Ishmael was born a year or more later and Genesis 17:24-25 tells us Ishmael was 13 years old and Abram was 99 years old when they were circumcised … so Abram was credited with righteousness by God 14 years before he was circumcised. So, indeed, Abram is the father of all who believe but have not been circumcised.
The same is true for the circumcised who also walk in the footsteps of the faith.