2:25 You become effectively a Gentile if you do not believe.
2:28-29 Purpose of circumcision – Genesis 17:9-11 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you for the generations to come. This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you.
Isaiah 42:6-7 “I am the Lord, I have called you in righteousness, I have taken you by the hand and kept you; I have given you as a covenant to the people, a light to the nations, to open the eyes that are blind.”
3:1-2 It was to them Christ was promised for their sanctification because they were the children of Abraham and thus they came ahead of the Gentiles, but only if they believed. Thus having the word of God does little good if you don’t read and obey it.
3:3 No! For the promise of Grace in God’s word remains for those who do believe.
3:4 Better is May it never be! and expression of great disgust at the question. God says every man is a liar if he does not believe in the promises of God.
3:5 Two part question
(A) Does not my sin by contrast enhance the world’s concept of the absolute holiness and faithfulness of God?
(B) If this is so would this not make God unrighteous if He lets us feel His wrath for making Him look even better.
3:6 Of course both questions are ridiculous so Paul says, Certainly not! which again would be better as May it never be! with the same great disgust and it is only human reasoning (argument) that would call into question God’s justice. After all if God cannot judge man, who can?
3:7 This question simply shows the great absurd lengths sinners will argue to justify their sins.
3:8 Paul shows just how absurd they are in his answer for justification by faith never meant they could blatantly disregard the precepts of the law and to teach such would result in condemnation.
3:9 Paul’s legal training comes to the fore here and in the next eight verses … he does not say all have sinned here, but all are under sin setting up a future contrast of being under grace. Nonetheless Paul charges the entire world with being innately sinful.
3:10-18 The sins:
2) v11a and here understanding is spiritual, not mental;
3) v11b no one innately seeks after God because people are by nature sinful and want nothing to do with God;
4) v12a all have turned away, that is they have lost their way;
5) v12b worthless = useless, rotten, no good;
6) v12c from Psalm 14:1-3, no matter what we do, even to benefit society, we cannot do anything of spiritual or eternal value; all of our acts are as filthy rags as noted in Isaiah 64:6;
7) v13a the filth from the mouths of the wicked is compared to the stench of an open grave;
8) v13b We see this today with the insistence that we not only tolerate sin but accept it as normal and not sin;
9) v13c We see this today in calling Christian haters and worse;
10) v14 not enough to call us haters, we also have to be cursed and spoken of bitterly; – switch from words to deeds now –
11) v15 from Isaiah 59:7-8;
12) v16 they will complain, but this is to be expected due to the unrighteous path they have chosen;
13) v17 We simply cannot be at peace with each other until we are at peace with God;
14) v18 People have no spiritual understanding and they do not fear God even though the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.
3:19-20 Silenced, everyone, no one declare righteous = no one justified by the law
3:21-26 But now!!! God must enter our world or we can never enter God’s world! Righteousness from God, better Righteousness of God. The only conditional element of the gospel is faith in Jesus Christ. All human distinctions end before God. Jesus is the glory of God (John 1:14) and we all fall short of the sinlessness of Jesus. The righteous man is justified freely – as a gift of mercy from God. Jesus is our mercy seat, Jesus is where God meets us as humans. When God forgives He forgives – Jeremiah 31:34b. God is the justifier of any man or woman – past, present, future – who places his or her faith in the blood of Jesus Christ.
3:27-31 Summary. No works for salvation. No difference between the salvation of the Jew and the Gentile. Faith fulfills the law for the law told of the coming of Jesus the Christ. Jesus is the fulfillment of the law! Matthew 5:17