Matthew 9:9-17

Matthew 9:9-17

We hear of Matthew for the first time.

Andrew, Simon, James, John, Philip, Nathanael, Matthew.

Of the Gospel writers, only Matthew & John were called disciples.

John wrote on Christ Deity Luke wrote on Christ Humanity

Mark wrote on Christ Humility Matthew wrote on Christ Royalty

Authority of Christ:

Over Illness: Leaper Cleansed (8:1)

Centurion’s servant (8:5)

Peter’s Mother in-law (8:14)

Over Nature:Sea stilled (8:23) See Psalm 107:23-29

  Over Demons: Demons cast into swine (8:16), (8:28)

Demons recognized Jesus to be Son of God.

People wanted Jesus to leave, rather live in sin

Over Sin:Paralytic forgiven (9:1)

Faith of his friends

Scribes said to themselves, Jesus knew their


We are sinners and we know it. God has come for those who know they are sinners, not for those who think they are righteous. Paul was foremost of sinners.

“Follow Me!” And he got up and followed Him.

Jesus forgave Matthew, a tax collector. Publican who served Rome.

 Bought into the Roman system to collect tax which had a lot of abuse. Took bribes from the rich, traitors to Jews. 

General tax collector Land Tax, Income.

Another tax collector, to collect duty on everything else. There were also publicans who collected taxes for customs or tolls on imports, exports, and merchants who came to buy or sell in Israel. More hated of the two.

They questioned the disciples not Jesus. Very hateful, putting them down.

We avoid talking to the one in authority

When Jesus heard this, He said “It is not those who are healthy who need a physician, but those who are sick.”

Jesus came for those who have sin, which qualifies everybody!

But go and learn what this means: “I DESIRE COMPASSION, AND NOT SACRIFICE,’ for I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

Quoted Hosea 6-6. God not pleased with rituals with a wrong heart attitude. 

John’s disciples asked “Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not fast?”

Are John’s disciples stuck in traditions?

Luke 5:33 And they said to him, “The disciples of John often fast and offer prayers, the disciples of the Pharisees also do the same, but Yours eat and drink.”

The law prescribes a fast on the Day of Atonement Lv 16:29-31.

Fasting is private matter, not a public exercise to show spirituality. 

But when you fast… Mt. 6:17-18.

Fasting was associated with mourning and intense prayer; how could His friends mourn when the Son of God was with them?

The new cloth does not work on old cloth / trying to patch New Covenant truth unto old Mosaic ceremonial forms.

Likewise, new wine in old wineskins would tear due to pressure build up. Jesus was introducing the New Covenant which some of the old rituals would not work.

How often did we practice our old customs after we learned about Jesus?

How much did we leave behind to follow Jesus?

How much more are we willing to leave behind?

Are we willing to show our compassion rather than our sacrifices?

What are we going to do differently about our walk with Jesus?