Matthew 5:1-12, December 01, 2019
Review – John the Baptist called for fruit as evidence of repentance (3:8) while preaching Repent for the kingdom of heaven has come near (3:2). During his revival he said after me comes another more powerful than I whose sandals I am not worthy to carry.
4:17 Repent for the kingdom of heaven has come near. The message of John the Baptist (3:2) is now being proclaimed by Jesus. However, there is a major difference. Jesus is not calling on His listeners to prepare for the coming of the kingdom as John did, but is announcing the kingdom is here! The kingdom is at hand because the King is here.
4:18-22 Andrew, then his brother Simon Peter, and the brothers James and John became Jesus’ full time disciples.
4:23-25 Jesus throughout Galilee, proclaimed the good news of the kingdom. Jesus taught and healed people – Jew and Gentile alike – from Syria, Decapolis, Judea, and Jerusalem to Galilee.
5:1-2 and 7:28-29 Now we come to the 10 Beatitudes, but one not listed here (number 11), the one that comes from John 20:29 Jesus speaking to the Apostle Thomas “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” In the Beatitudes and the rest of the Sermon on the Mount Jesus is telling us how we are to live as believers, not how to become believers. Here Jesus provides a summation of His teaching, ethical teaching, for born again Christians. If you are not a Christian throughout the Sermon on the Mount you learn what it can be like to live as a Christian, what it is like to live after repenting and receiving the free forgiving Grace bought by Jesus on the cross. In the Beatitudes Jesus provides an introduction of the spiritual character and quality of the kingdom He established. Blessed means happy and is the basic description of the believer’s inner condition. The Beatitudes do not show a person how to be saved, but instead describe the characteristics of someone who has been saved.
5:3 #1 Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. The poor in spirit are the opposite of the proud or arrogant in spirit. They have been humbled by their need of God and His grace because of their sin. Every saint has a past and every sinner has a future. [Having] a gentle/meek and quiet spirit. (1 Peter 3:4)
5:4 #2 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Those who have received God’s forgiving grace mourn for their past and for the unsaved, those who have not asked for forgiveness nor have they repented. Most of us have loved ones who are still choosing a life of sin ignoring its eternal consequences. Grieve, mourn … . the Lord will lift you up. (James 4:9-10)
5:5 #3 Blessed are the meek [gentle], for they will inherit the earth. This again refers to those who have been humbled by their need of God and His grace because of their sin. They will not only have a home in heaven, but will also share in the kingdom of God here on earth. … be peaceable and considerate, and always to be gentle toward everyone. (Titus 3:2)
5:6 #4 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled. What does it mean to hunger and thirst for righteousness? It is a need, a hunger, for personal righteousness, to live righteously which is proof of their spiritual rebirth. It is knowing we do not have it and cannot have it, except it can only be given by God. This hunger and thirst can only follow salvation. The righteous will live by faith Romans 1:17
5:7 #5 Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy Christians have already received mercy from God and now with the Holy Spirit within them they show a mercy and forgiveness not possible in their former lives. They show mercy not to receive mercy, but show mercy because they have already received an undeserved mercy.
… show mercy, do it cheerfully. Romans 12:8 and if you hold anything against anyone, forgive them Mark 11:25
5:8 #6 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. An individual who is pure in heart is someone whose life has been transformed by the grace of God. They are not sinless, but they are continually conforming to the image of Christ. They are overwhelmed by the undeserved forgiveness they have received. They -we- are continually humble because we know every single day, our salvation was undeserved. … Keep yourself pure. (1 Timothy 5:22)
5:9 #7 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God. As Christians we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 5:1). Living our lives as Christ’s ambassadors because Christ’s love compels us to do so. (1 Corinthians 5:20&14). Only a child of God would want bring the gospel of Jesus Christ to a world so involved in sin.
5:10 #8 Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Jesus foresaw the persecution His followers would face. Today 11 Christians will be killed for their faith in the worst 50 countries for Christians persecution. everyone who wants to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, (2 Timothy 3:12)
5:11 #9 Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me.
5:12 #9b Rejoice & be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you. This inheritance is kept in heaven for you. (1 Peter 1:4). Persecution became true during His ministry for the Apostles and the followers of His church. It is still true today, starting with mocking as our behavior changes. There were funerals by the Jewish families of followers of Jesus. It ended with prison or death for those persecuted by Saul and others.