Review – Chapter 1
Why is Matthew the First Gospel in the New Testament.
It is the gospel most intimately linked to the Old Testament and was very sensitive to the Jewish custom of not referring to the Kingdom of God directly, but to the Kingdom of Heaven. This is shown by the use of the phrase Kingdom of Heaven in Matthew instead of Kingdom of God as in the other gospels.
The Gospel of Matthew refers to the Old Testament more often than any of the other Gospels. Referring to the prophets Matthew uses the phrase (or some form of it) That it might be fulfilled sixteen (16) times. He has 29 direct quotes from the Old Testament and 121 allusions or indirect quotes from the Old Testament.
The genealogy given is for that of Joseph, the legal guardian of Jesus and ends with Mary the mother of Jesus and not Joseph as the father of Jesus. Instead Joseph was Jesus’ legal father. Mary’s genealogy is found in Luke 3 and matches that of Joseph until it comes to the sons of King David. Joseph from his son Solomon, Mary from Nathan.
To be clear, under Jewish law, baby Jesus was clearly legally the son of Mary and Joseph
Ages of Joseph and Mary
We simply do not know, guesses for Joseph range from 18-80, for Mary from 13 to 25. My guess at the time so Jesus’ birth Mary was 15 and Joseph was 35.
Matthew 1:25 Joseph and Mary lived in the village of Nazareth population 400 to 2,000 depending on your source.
Introduction to chapter 2
Joseph, on the eighth day after Mary gives birth, takes the family to Jerusalem so that the Lord can be circumcised according to the law of God (Luke 2:21).
Forty days after Jesus is born, fulfilling the purification requirement of Leviticus 12, Mary and Joseph travel to Jerusalem’s temple to present him before God. The trip is only 6 miles (9.6 kilometers) long. His parents make an offering to the temple of two young birds. It is during their visit that a priest named Simeon prophesied about Jesus’ mission in life and blessed his parents (Luke 2:22 – 35). Before Mary and Joseph leave the temple to return home a woman named Anna, a widowed prophetess who lived in the house of God, blesses them as well (Luke 2:36 – 38). The family then makes the short trip back to Bethlehem. In Bethlehem, Jesus’ family is now living in a home and not a stable.
2:9-15 The Magi visit and worship Jesus. They leave deceiving Herod and Joseph takes his family to Egypt.
2:19 When did Herod die? In March/April 4 BC or in March/April 1 BC, but 4 BC is most accepted meaning the most accepted year for Jesus birth was 6 – 5 BC.
2:23 He would be called a Nazarene. Nazarene was a term of contempt and infamy put upon Christ, both by the unbelieving Jews and Gentiles, and that because he was supposed to come out of this very city.
Old Testament Quotations in Matthew’s first two chapters
1:22-23 Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call Him Immanuel.
2:5-6 Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for Me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.
2:15 Hosea 11:1 When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called My Son.
2:17-18 Jeremiah 31:15 A voice is heard in Ramah, mourning and great weeping, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because they are no more.
2:23 Isaiah 53:3 He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain.
Like one from whom people hide their faces he was despised, and we held him in low esteem.