15:22-32 Crucifixion It was nine in the morning when they crucified Him at Golgotha which is Calvary in Latin. As they were nailing Him to the cross, He said, “Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing.” Luke 23:34a As they divided us His clothes and cast lots for them they were fulfilling David’s prophecy in Psalm 22:18 His crime was spelled out in three languages Greek, Latin, and Hebrew THE KING OF THE JEWS. In John we will read the Pharisees wanted it changed to He said, I Am King of the Jews. Pilate refused. John 19:21-22. Two thieves were crucified with Him. Likely they were associated with Barabbas, a thief and murderer who had been set free. However Luke tells one the two men eventually repented and was saved. Luke 23:40-43.
15:33-41 Death Darkness fell at the sixth hour, noon. It lasted three hours so it could not be a solar eclipse. It was at three in the afternoon just as the darkness would end Jesus cried out in Aramaic, My God, My God why have You forsaken Me? For the first time in all of eternity, the Son and the Father were separated. It was most likely a Roman soldier who offered the wine vinegar on a staff to Jesus as no Jew would have attempted to do so. In John it was also in response to Jesus saying I am thirsty. After He received the drink He said It is finished bowed His head and died. John 19:28-30 Luke adds Jesus’ calm final loud words were Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit. Luke 23:46 whereupon He breathed His last and the curtain at the temple was torn from top to bottom. What did this mean? 20 [A] new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, His body Hebrews 10:20. Why did the centurion say what he said? We don’t know, but he had probably seen many crucifixions, but here he saw a man who asked His Father to forgive, a man who cried out It is done and then died without struggle without begging without cursing – seemingly died voluntarily which is exactly what Jesus did. From the other gospels we find there were men as well as women watching from a distance, but the only disciple there was John. They were absent, still fearful.
15:42-47 Burial Joseph was a member of the Sanhedrin, a secret disciple of Christ who risked the wrath of Pilate and the sure hostility of his fellow members of the Sanhedrin. By burying Jesus in his own tomb Isaiah 53:9 NASB was fulfilled His grave was assigned with wicked men, Yet He was with a rich man in His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was there any deceit in His mouth.
16:1-8 He is risen They were unaware Pilate at the request of the Sanhedrin had provided a watch of soldiers to watch over the tomb. They received the instruction Go and tell, the same instruction all of us have. Fearful they did not tell anyone until they reached the disciples and Peter.
Verses 9-20 are not found in the oldest manuscripts, so I will cover them here with only a few comments
16:9-14 They did not believe the women was understandable from a cultural perspective even though the two women had been with them for a long time. They also did not believe two of their own. No wonder Jesus rebuked them when He appeared before them.
16:15-18 There is a reason we support missionaries and the spreading of God’s Word throughout the world. It is the Great Commission Jesus has commanded, not only to Israel, but to the world. Note baptism is an outward sign of one’s faith. It is unbelief that brings damnation, not a failure to be baptized. As in Romans 10:10 For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.
16:19-20 As usual Mark’s comments are brief and to the point so you have to go elsewhere (Luke and Acts) to discover Jesus remained for another 40 days before ascending into heaven. Then the disciples went and preached the gospel everywhere accompanied by signs and wonders.
2 Corinthians 2:14-16 14 But thanks be to God, who always leads us as captives in Christ’s triumphal procession and uses us to spread the aroma of the knowledge of Him everywhere. 15 For we are to God the pleasing aroma of Christ among those who are being saved and those who are perishing. 16 To the one we are an aroma that brings death; to the other, an aroma that brings life. And who is equal to such a task?
2 Corinthians 5:20 We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were making His appeal through us. We implore you on Christ’s behalf: Be reconciled to God.