Most believe 2 Thessalonians was written months or a year+ after 1 Thessalonians. The question is why and with what purpose? While 2 Thessalonians is only three chapters long, each chapter is deep in material and each chapter stands alone. So let’s take a look at the video from Bible Project on all three chapters, but beware of an error therein where it speaks of a teaching from Mark 13 which would not be written for another 6-12 years. Nonetheless, Paul could have heard of this teaching from Mark during his time around Mark, the apostles, and other believers prior to his beginning his missionary work to the Gentiles. Paul believed anyone who wants to live a godly life in Jesus will face persecution as he says in 2 Timothy 3:12
1:1-2 our Father, not the Father as in 1 Thessalonians. Lord Jesus Christ where Lord implies deity, Jesus in Hebrew means to save, and of course Christ means Messiah.
Grace and Peace … plus repeating the connection between the Father and the Son.
1:3 ought implies a special responsibility, an exclusive personal responsibility.
rightly so or is only fitting because your faith has grown and grown beyond expectations and because the love among the brethren for one another has also grown beyond expectations.
1:4 boasting about them … he cannot stop, they are an inspiration to him and to other churches/believers. Paul is putting Proverbs 27:2 into action Let someone else praise you, and not your own mouth; an outsider, and not your own lips. Why does Paul brag on them? Their perseverance and faith … during persecution and trials/afflictions resulting in suffering caused by the intent of others.
1:5 Provides God’s point of view not a human appraisal. It is not the suffering that is the point but their attitude of faith and constancy in the midst of suffering. This is much the same as Peter and the apostles as they rejoiced Acts 5:41 after being flogged
The apostles left the Sanhedrin, rejoicing because they had been counted worthy of suffering disgrace for the Name. CAUTION: To be considered worthy of the kingdom of God does not mean the Thessalonians were saved because of their performance under persecution. Salvation is a free gift that cannot be earned, only accepted.
Do you accept the authority of Scripture or accept the teaching of today’s culture of tolerance?
1:6-7a God’s judgment is coming and it will be wonderful for those who are afflicted and a just vengeance for those who opposed God and afflicted His people. It is not our vengeance but God’s as Paul says in Romans 12:19 Do not take revenge, my dear friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” says the Lord.
1:7b When will this happen? When Jesus appears (well after the rapture) as in Revelation 1:7 “Look, he is coming with the clouds,” and “every eye will see him, even those who pierced him”; and all peoples on earth “will mourn because of him.” So shall it be! Amen. Blazing fire or in a flaming fire: literally a flame within a fire! Jesus will be a flame or THE flame within the fire when He returns.
1:8 There WILL be punishment or retribution for those who do not know God and do not obey the gospel. There are no ifs, ands, or buts – there will be punishment for those who did not, do not acknowledge the what Jesus said in John 14:6, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.”
1:9 What kind of punishment? Eternal punishment! Eternal separation from God, from Jesus. Eternal destruction is punishment that lasts forever. Revelation 20:15 Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.
1:10 marveled means to be astonished, amazed, to wonder at. No matter our expectations, Jesus will exceed them.
1:11-12 Worthy of what? Their calling to be instruments by which God’s name is elevated and honored. As Jesus said in John 17:10b And glory has come to me through them.