31 “The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant
with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah.
32 It will not be like the covenant I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke My covenant, though I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord.
33 “This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel after that time,” declares the Lord.
“I will put My law in their minds and write it on their hearts.
I will be their God, and they will be My people.
34 No longer will they teach their neighbor, or say to one another, ‘Know the Lord,’
because they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest,” declares the Lord.
“For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.”
Did you know if you Google Jeremiah 31:31 you get over 52 million hits and if you Google Jeremiah 31:31-34 you get over 300 thousand hits. Then there is Jeremiah 31:33, our key verse today as it mentions the heart and Google comes up with over 21 million hits. Lots of interest in these particular verses. Looking again only at 31:33 for commentaries there were exactly 80 thousand hits. However, I will stick with my own reading and the commentaries found on Biblehub.com.
I will make the statement upfront I believe the covenant under discussion here is the covenant we all obtain via Jesus the Christ. The Benson Commentary says the following of verses 33-34:
This shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel — That is, with those who are Israelites indeed, in whom is no guile (John 1:47) who are Jews inwardly (Romans 2:29), by the circumcision of the heart and spirit, spoken of and promised by God (Deuteronomy 30:6).
And here are the three verses from above quoted paragraph:
When Jesus saw Nathanael approaching, he said of him, “Here truly is an Israelite in whom there is no deceit.” John 1:47
No, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a person’s praise is not from other people, but from God. Romans 2:29
The Lord your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants, so that you may love him with all your heart and with all your soul, and live. Deuteronomy 30:6
The Benson Commentary cautions about misreading part of verse 34
“And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour” — This must not be so interpreted as if under the gospel there should be no more need of ministerial teaching, for Christ himself sent out his apostles to preach; nor yet as if there should be no further need of brethren in Christ teaching one another, for the contrary is commanded in Colossians 3:16
Let the message of Christ dwell among you richly as you teach and admonish one another with all wisdom through psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit, singing to God with gratitude in your hearts.
[Thus] this expression only signifies the great increase of divine knowledge, especially of the knowledge of the being and attributes of the one living and true God, and of the relations in which he is pleased to stand to his people, which is the knowledge here chiefly intended.
The old covenant was written on stone, this new covenant is all the better as it is written on our hearts. It’s Friday, remember to Go to Church for teaching and songs from the Spirit, singing to God with gratitude in your hearts.